Country information

Country information

Located in southern Europe, Greece forms an    irregular-shaped peninsula in the  Mediterranean with two additional large    peninsulas projecting from it: the  Chalcidice and the Peloponnese. The    Greek islands are generally subdivided  into two groups, according to    location: the Ionian islands (including Corfu,  Cephalonia, and Leucas)    west of the mainland and the Aegean islands  (including Euboea, Samos,    Chios, Lesbos, and Crete) to the east and south.  North-central Greece,    Epirus, and western Macedonia are all mountainous.

Indo-European peoples, including the Mycenaeans,    began entering Greece about  2000 B.C. and set    up sophisticated  civilizations. About 1200 B.C., the  Dorians, another Indo-European people,    invaded Greece, and a dark age  followed, known mostly through the Homeric    epics. At the end of this time,  classical Greece began to emerge (c. 750    B.C.) as a loose composite of city-states with    a heavy  involvement in maritime trade and a devotion to art, literature,    politics,  and philosophy. Greece reached the peak of its glory in the 5th    century B.C., but the Peloponnesian War    (431–404 B.C.) weakened the nation, and    it was  conquered by Philip II and his son Alexander the Great of  Thessaloniki Macedonia. By the middle of the 2nd    century B.C., Greece had declined to the status    of a Roman  province. It remained within the eastern Roman Empire until    Constantinople  fell to the Crusaders in 1204. In 1453, the Turks took    Constantinople and by  1460, Greece was a province in the Ottoman Empire.    The Greek war of  independence began in 1821, and by 1827 Greece won    independence with  sovereignty guaranteed by Britain, France, and    Russia.


Athens Concert Hall

Egg Donation

Vouliagmeni Lake